Home  >  The Longmen Grottoes
The Longmen Grottoes

Longmen Grottoes is one of the treasures of Chinese stone carving art and is now a world cultural heritage site. It is located on Longmen Mountain and Xiangshan Mountain on the banks of the Yihe River in Luolong District, Luoyang City, Henan Province, China. Longmen Grottoes, with Mogao Grottoes, Yungang Grottoes, and Maijishan Grottoes are called the four major grottoes of China.

The Longmen Grottoes were excavated in Northern Wei Dynasty (493 A.D.). In the following 400 years, carving artists successively creating statues and tablets. Today, the grottoes group is as long as 1 km from north to south. There are now 2345 caves, more than 100,000 statues and 2800 inscriptions. Among them, the "Twenty Inscriptions of Longmen Grottoes" are the essence of calligraphy in the Wei Dynasty Tablets, while the "Yique Buddha's Tablet" is the art paragon of early Tang Dynasty (around 620 A.D.). There also more than 110,000 Buddha statues on the Longmen Mountain. The largest statue is Vairochana Buddha of 17.14 meters high, and the smallest is in the Lotus Cave, each statue is only 2 centimeters, which is called micro-carving.

Longmen Grottoes is an artistic expression of Buddhist culture, but it also reflects the political, economic and fashion cultural of the time. The grottoes contain a large amount of geological material of religion, art, architecture, calligraphy, music, costume, medicine, etc. Therefore, it is a large stone carving art museum.

The Longmen Grottoes (Henan)

Location: Luolong District, Luoyang City, Henan

Suggested Duration: 3-5 hour

Opening Hours:07:30-18:30 (winter: 7:30-17:30)

Category:Cultural landscape

Nearby Attractions: