The ruins of Guge Kingdom are located on a dirt hill in Ngari area. The Tibetan kingdom was established in the first half of the 10th century and was inherited by 16 kings. The royal palace castles were expanded from the 10th to 16th century. The ruins covering an area of about 180,000 square meters, more than 300 meters high from the foothills to the top. There are more than 600 buildings, with pagodas and caves, forming a huge group of ancient buildings. There are 5 monasteries and temples that are well preserved. The remaining clay sculptures and colored murals leaving a precious resource for the study of Tibetan history and architecture since the 10th century AD.
In the middle of the 9th century, the ancient Tubo Dynasty of Tibet is collapsed. Some royal descendants escape to Ngari area and built some small kingdoms. One of them is the Guge Kingdom. The kingdom had last for over 700 years but defeated and ruined in the 17th century. Today, the ruins of Guge Kingdom are surrounded by the soil forests. Because the buildings were built by the soil taken from the surrounding area, so its dilapidated walls are integrated with the soil, making it difficult to distinguish where is the castle and where is the soil forest. Every time when sunrise or night falls, Guge ruins will transmit a kind of incomplete beauty and tragedy against the background of the soil forest.
The Ruins of Guge Kingdom (Ngari)