Sanyuesan Festival (the 3rd day of the 3rd month of Lunar Calendar) is a traditional festival for many ethnic minorities in China. The ancient name is Shangsi Festival to commemorate the Yellow Emperor, a legendary ruler. According to legend, this day is the birthday of the Yellow Emperor. After the Wei and Jin Dynasties (220-420AD), Sanyuesan becomes the festival for Han nationality to have a waterside banquet and a spring outskirts tour. The third day of the third month of the lunar calendar is also the birthday of the Taoist god Zhenwu Emperor.
Sanyuesan is also a traditional festival for the people of Zhuang nationality. The Zhuang people call the festival "Wobupo" or "Wopo", which originally meant to go outside to the field and sing songs. Therefore, it is also called the "Songs Festival". Another saying is that the festival is to commemorate Liu Sanjie, a famous ancient folklore singer. So, the festival is also known as the "Festival of Song Fairy".
Sanyuesan is one of the major festivals of the Zhuang nationality and is the main performance of the traditional culture and is collectively called the Sanyuesan Folk Song Fair. In the folk song fair, street vendors gathered and lively trade was held. Local people will cook color rice and paint red eggs. People living nearby will warmly welcome and offer food and board for people who came for the song fair. A larger song fair can attract young men and women in tens of miles of the radius to come and attend the event. The crowds of people sing folk songs and dance with bamboo poles. People go to the fair for celebration, making friends or even to find their true love. When a young man and woman fall in love when singing and dancing together, they will give each other their own tokens as a pledge of love. In addition, there are fun activities such as throwing silk balls and touching color eggs.